Thursday, July 28, 2016

CRUSADING FOR DALIT DIGNITY

Tuesday, July 26, 2016

Monday, July 25, 2016

Historical step of NHRC for elimination of Bonded labour

The Commission is also astonished to note that most of the brick kilns are being run without proper licence. Such operation without proper permits/licence not only causing huge revenue loss to the State exchequer but also leading to exploitation of labour and trafficking in human beings. In view of the findings of the enquiry teams, the Commission directs as under: i) Chief Secretary, Govt. of UP to instruct the District Magistrates in all the Districts for mapping of the brick kilns and other such units as several such units appears to be in operation without any permit in violation of laws not only causing huge revenue loss to the State exchequer but also leading to exploitation of labour and trafficking in human beings. ii) District Magistrate, Varanasi, U.P. to issue release certificate under BLSA Act. 1976 to all the bonded labourers after proper scrutiny. The Subsistence allowance should be immediately given to all the labourers. Their rehabilitation process should be started immediately with the concerned District Magistrates. iii) District Magistrate, Varanasi and Mirzapur, U.P. to organise periodical sensitization programme for SDM/Labour officers about conducting the enquiry relating to the Bonded Labourer System Abolition Act and other relevant laws/judgements given by the Hon'ble Supreme Court. Vigilance Committee needs to be activated in identifying, release rehabilitation of bonded labourers. iv) DM, Varanasi and Mirzapur, UP to ensure that the basic amenities including the living conditions be improved and the Provisions of Right to education should also be implemented in true spirit. The officials must be sensitized to ensure maintenance of proper records and their production by employers whenever inspection is carried out. These sensitization programmes be completed before start of the season. v) Dy. Labour Commissioner, Varanasi and Mirzapur, UP to submit the details of action taken against the brick kiln owners after invoking the provision of minimum wages Act, Inter State Migrant Act, SC/ST Act and Child Labour Act where ever applicable. vi) Senior Superintendent of Police, Varanasi and Mirzapur, UP to submit the details of FIR and present status registered against the brick kiln owners. vii) District Magistrate, Mirzapur, U.P. to initiate action under the provisions of Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act with regard to 20 labourers who were found working at JBS Stone Crusher, Devri Kala Tehsil, Medihan, District Mirzapur and issue their release certificates forthwith. viii) District Magistrate, Mirzapur, U.P. to get an enquiry conducted at all the stone crushers located in the District in accordance with the provisions of the Bonded Labour System Abolition Act. ix) Issue Notice to the Secretary, Ministry of Mines, Govt. of India and also Secretary, Ministry of Labour to get an enquiry conducted at all the stone crushers located in the District in accordance with the laws as applicable and submit report to the Commission. The enquiry inter alia should also cover on the basic amenities and facilities provided by the employers to the labourers as mandated under the law. x) A Notice be issued to the District Magistrate and Superintendent of Police, Mirzapur to launch a drive in order to identify the vehicles involved in the stone crushers activities and other such activities found without number plates and submit an action taken report. xi) District Magistrates of Jaunpur, Chandauli, UP, Sidhi,Madhya Pradesh, Palamu & Daltonganj, Jharkhand and Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh to submit a report on the steps taken for rehabilitation of the released bonded labourers. xii) Chief Medical and Health Officer, Mirzapur, U.P. to visit M/s JBS Stone stone crusher, Devri Kalan Tehsil, Medihan, Mirzapur and other stone crushers in Medihan in order to examine and assess the health condition of labourers found working there and submit compliance report. xiii) DM, Varanasi to submit status of rehabilitation of bonded labourers rescued and released since 2012 and to submit proof of payment. xiv) Let a copy of these proceeding along with reports be also transmitted to the Secretary, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India and Director, Central Bureau of Investigation, New Delhi being nodal Ministry and nodal agency for the cases relating to trafficking in human beings for information and further necessary action. DM, Varanasi and Mirzapur, UP to submit status report regarding action taken against owners who are running kilns without valid licence. Compliance report be submitted within eight weeks.





#pvchr #u4humanrights #endslavery #bondedlabour #NHRC

Wednesday, July 13, 2016

Sunday, July 10, 2016

Sunday, July 3, 2016

Lenin Raghuvanshi at Everpedia


Lenin Raghuvanshi is a human rights advocate and founder of the People's Vigilance Committee on Human Rights. He advocates for the Dalits, a lower caste group fighting for their dignity in India. Lenin is credited with changing the discourse on Dalit Politics in India and bringing into focus an innovative "people centric" approach to reclaim "human dignity" for the deprived sections in a caste ridden Indian society.

Lenin completed his Bachelor degree in Ayurveda, Modern Medicine and Surgery from the State Ayurvedic Medical College, Gurukul Kangari, Haridwar in 1994.

Lenin's father was a die-hard communist and an ideological follower of communist leaders named all his children after great communist leaders. But could not convince Lenin, his son to be a follower of Lenin, the leader. Instead, the son was charmed by the Gandhian believes of his  grandfather, who taught him power of truth, non violence and simple living. He mirrored him the continuing challenges the poor of this country face on a day to day basis post independence. Lenin’s belief that reconciliation not conflict, sharing not accumulation, gender equality not masculinity, secularism not radical interpretation of religion has its root in those inculcated Gandhian principles.  

Lenin's parents were strong believers in their religion. They carry the surname Raghuvanshi, an Indian dynasty. According to Indian mythology Raghuvanshi are lineage of Sun God and Lord Rama and symbolize courtesy, virtue, bravery, generosity. In modern day caste system, Raghuvanshi represent the ruling warrior class.

Lenin's vision on caste, conflict and social change took a concrete shape while working with the bonded labourers in India. He was born into a high caste Hindu family which he describes as "feudal." He noticed that not a single child bonded in the sari or carpet industries came from an upper caste, even though some high-caste families were often just as poor as the lower castes. He realized that caste, not class, was at work. By the end of 1996, Lenin was championing for a major cause that is to fight for the basic rights of lower-caste people. Early experiences taught him that confrontation was essentially dangerous and not the most effective emancipatory tool. Increasingly, Lenin recognized the role of caste in all kinds of social conflicts and therefore envisioned a movement that could break the closed, feudal hierarchies of conservative slums and villages by building up local institutions and supporting them with a high profile and active human rights network.

Lenin conceived of a folk school which not only enabled empowerment of the poor, but also endowed them with the ability to access information and justice through the constitutional mechanism of the state. To translate policy into practice, Lenin has begun working on the latest part of his strategy, Jan Mitra Gaon, or the People-Friendly Village. These villages have durable local institutions that work to promote basic human rights in the face of continuous discrimination. Lenin has adopted three villages and one slum as pilot projects, which include reactivating defunct primary schools, eradicating bonded labor, ensuring girl child education, and promoting non-formal education. The village committees comprise of at least 50 percent Dalits, and seek to realize greater political representation of Dalits in village councils.

In 1993, Lenin was President of United Nations' Youth Organization (UNYO), UP Chapter. In 1996, he founded the  People's Vigilance Committee on Human Rights with Shruti, in association with Dr. Mahendra Pratap (Historian), Vikash Maharaj (Musician), GyanedraPati (poet). Dr. Lenin was severely beaten and physically tortured at the hands of Indian paramilitary force, the CRPF on 17th July, 1996 while participating in a protest demonstration to demand the liberation of bonded child labourers. The case was later taken up by Amnesty International and NHRC.

In 1997, TIME Magazine wrote an article on Dr. Lenin and child labour in India. [42]

In 2001, Dr. Lenin was awarded the Ashoka Fellowship for social entrepreneurship. [43]

In 2004, he founded the Musahar-Nut Adhikar Manch (Forum on Rights of Musahars and Nuts). Musahars and Nuts are the most marginalized untouchable castes in the hunger infested districts of eastern Uttar Pradesh. Advocacy at national and international fora has succeeded in prioritizing hunger in government expenditure policy. Active mobilization of the poor Dalits has forced various political parties to include the empowerment of Dalits in their electoral manifestos. As a result of PVCHRs' pressure, the Uttar Pradesh Panchayat Act was amended to include a clause which directed each local self-governing bodies of the village to allot fund to the amount of Rupees one thousand to mitigate emergency hunger situation.
  
In 2015, Dr. Lenin was invited at the Global Tolerance Forum in Drammen, Norway where he voiced his strong opinion on the contemporary political situation in India, showed deep concern about increasing hold of fundamentalist and extremists elements in Indian society. [39]